What is EXTRATERRITORIALITY? What does EXTRATERRITORIALITY mean? EXTRATERRITORIALITY meaning | jurisdiction แปลว่า

What is EXTRATERRITORIALITY? What does EXTRATERRITORIALITY mean? EXTRATERRITORIALITY meaning


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What is EXTRATERRITORIALITY? What does EXTRATERRITORIALITY mean? EXTRATERRITORIALITY meaning EXTRATERRITORIALITY definition EXTRATERRITORIALITY explanation.
Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/bysa/3.0/ license.
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Extraterritoriality is the state of being exempted from the jurisdiction of local law, usually as the result of diplomatic negotiations. Historically, this applied to individuals. Extraterritoriality can also be applied to physical places, such as foreign embassies, military bases of foreign countries, or offices of the United Nations. The three most common cases recognized today internationally relate to the persons and belongings of foreign heads of state, the persons and belongings of ambassadors and other diplomats, and ships in foreign waters.
Extraterritoriality is often extended to friendly or allied militaries, particularly for the purposes of allowing that military to simply pass through one’s territory.
It is distinguished from personal jurisdiction in the sense that extraterritoriality operates to the prejudice of local jurisdiction.

What is EXTRATERRITORIALITY? What does EXTRATERRITORIALITY mean? EXTRATERRITORIALITY meaning

What is SUBJECT-MATTER JURISDICTION? What does SUBJECT-MATTER JURISDICTION mean?


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What is SUBJECTMATTER JURISDICTION? What does SUBJECTMATTER JURISDICTION mean? SUBJECTMATTER JURISDICTION meaning SUBJECTMATTER JURISDICTION definition SUBJECTMATTER JURISDICTION explanation.
Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/bysa/3.0/ license.
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Subjectmatter jurisdiction is the authority of a court to hear cases of a particular type or cases relating to a specific subject matter. For instance, bankruptcy court only has the authority to hear bankruptcy cases.
Subjectmatter jurisdiction must be distinguished from personal jurisdiction, which is the power of a court to render a judgment against a particular defendant, and territorial jurisdiction, which is the power of the court to render a judgment concerning events that have occurred within a welldefined territory. Unlike personal or territorial jurisdiction, lack of subjectmatter jurisdiction cannot be waived. A judgment from a court that did not have subjectmatter jurisdiction is forever a nullity.(“However late this objection has been made, or may be made in any cause, in an inferior or appellate court of the United States, it must be considered and decided, before any court can move one further step in the cause; as any movement is necessarily the exercise of jurisdiction. Jurisdiction is the power to hear and determine the subject matter in controversy between parties to a suit, to adjudicate or exercise any judicial power over them; the question is, whether on the case before a court, their action is judicial or extrajudicial; with or without the authority of law, to render a judgment or decree upon the rights of the litigant parties.” State of Rhode Island v. Com. of Massachusetts, 37 U.S. 657, 718 (1838))( “There is no discretion to ignore lack of jurisdiction.” Joyce v. U.S. 474 2D 2) To decide a case, a court must have a combination of subject (subjectam) and either personal (personam) or territorial (locum) jurisdiction.
Subjectmatter jurisdiction, personal or territorial jurisdiction, and adequate notice are the three most fundamental constitutional requirements for a valid judgment.
In the United States, many state court systems are divided into divisions such as criminal, civil law, family, and probate. A court within any one of those divisions would lack subjectmatter jurisdiction to hear a case regarding matters assigned to another division. Most U.S. state court systems, however, include a superior court that has \”general\” jurisdiction; that is, it is competent to hear any case over which no other state court has exclusive jurisdiction. Because the United States federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over a very small percentage of cases, such as copyright disputes, patent disputes, and United States bankruptcy court disputes, state courts have the authority to hear the vast majority of cases.
Subjectmatter jurisdiction is significantly more limited in United States federal courts. The maximal constitutional bounds of federal courts’ subjectmatter jurisdiction are defined by Article III Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution. Federal courts’ actual subjectmatter jurisdiction derives from Congressional enabling statutes, such as 28 U.S.C. §§ 1330–1369 and 28 U.S.C. §§ 1441–1452. The United States Congress has not extended federal courts’ subjectmatter jurisdiction to its constitutional limits. For example, the amountincontroversy requirement for diversity jurisdiction is based on 28 U.S.C. § 1332, not a constitutional restriction. Moreover, Congress could constitutionally overrule the completediversity rule in diversity cases.
By far the most important two categories of federal subjectmatter jurisdiction in noncriminal cases are federal question jurisdiction and diversity jurisdiction. The enabling statute for federal question jurisdiction, 28 U.S.C. § 1331, provides that the district courts have original jurisdiction in all civil actions arising under the Constitution, laws, or treaties of the United States…..

What is SUBJECT-MATTER JURISDICTION? What does SUBJECT-MATTER JURISDICTION mean?

Module 2.1: Minimum Contacts


This video is just one of 30 videos in Quimbee.com’s lecture on Civil Procedure, which examines the various types of jurisdiction, such as personal jurisdiction, diversity jurisdiction, supplemental jurisdiction, and removal jurisdiction; how a suit is initiated, from the complaint and service of process to the motion to dismiss, joinder, interpleader, and discovery; the resolution and judgment phase of a suit, including res judicata and collateral estoppel; and the Erie Doctrine and how courts decide whether to apply federal or state law to a particular case.
\”Civil Procedure\” table of contents:
1. Introduction
+ Opening Remarks
2. Personal Jurisdiction and Location
+ Minimum Contacts
+ Purposeful Availment
+ Fairness as a Doctrinal Matter
+ General and Specific Jurisdiction
+ Presence, Domicile, Consent, \u0026 Quasi in Rem Jurisdiction
+ Long Arm Statutes
+ Fighting Personal Jurisdiction and Full Faith and Credit
+ Venue
+ Inconvenience: When It’s Just Not Fair
3. Access to Federal Court
+ Introduction to Subject Matter Jurisdiction
+ Arising Under Jurisdiction
+ Diversity Jurisdiction
+ Supplemental Jurisdiction
+ Removal Jurisdiction
4. State Law and the Erie Doctrine
+ Erie in a Nutshell
+ Choice of Law
+ Separating Substance from Procedure
5. Initiating the Litigation
+ Complaint and Service of Process
+ Amendments and Relation Back
+ Motion to Dismiss
+ Answer
+ Joinder and Intervention
+ Counterclaims and Crossclaims
+ Interpleader
+ Sanctions
+ Discovery and Privilege
6. Resolution and Judgment
+ Dismissal
+ Summary Judgment
+ Judgment as a Matter of Law, JNOV, and New Trial
+ Appeal
+ Res Judicata (Claim Preclusion)
+ Collateral Estoppel (Issue Preclusion)
7. Conclusion
+ Closing Remarks
Starting at $15/month, you can get access to Quimbee’s expansive library of law tutorials, lecture videos, practice questions, and case briefs. Enroll today at https://www.quimbee.com/selectplan.

Module 2.1: Minimum Contacts

\” Jurisdiction \” Meaning, Definition, Pronounce And Usage – Learn English With President Obama


How to pronounce jurisdiction in English ?
How to use jurisdiction in English ?
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Jurisdiction | Meaning of jurisdiction


See here, the meanings of the word jurisdiction, as video and text.
(Click show more below.)

jurisdiction (noun)
The power, right, or authority to interpret and apply the law.
jurisdiction (noun)
The power or right to exercise authority.
jurisdiction (noun)
The authority of a sovereign power to govern or legislate.
jurisdiction (noun)
The limits or territory within which authority may be exercised.
Reference:
jurisdiction
January 24, 2019
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Jurisdiction | Meaning of jurisdiction

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